Allergic reactions are an essential element of people's lives. It is difficult to say why allergic diseases are so common, but the fact that people at least once in their lives encounter a certain form of allergy is indisputable. The topic of conversation will be angioedema, its symptoms and treatment at home.
Symptoms of angioedema in adults and children
Anyone can become a victim of angioedema, but they are most susceptible to allergies. In men and older people, angioedema develops much less frequently than in children and young women. In infants, the disease is extremely rare.
If angioedema develops on the face, neck, feet and hands, the symptoms are pronounced. More difficult if the disease is manifested in the joints, the lining of the brain and internal organs.
- Puffiness. Edema is the main external symptom. Signs of swelling appear on the abdomen, chest, genitals, neck, lips, eyelids, nasal mucosa and larynx. There are sensations of tension of the skin. The speed of edema spread is very high. Without expert help, it can lead to anaphylactic shock.
- Pressure drop. The allergy that caused the disease may be manifested by a drop in pressure, which is caused by a violation of blood circulation due to edema. The tumor builds up blood vessels and slows the movement of blood. The patient feels pain in the temples and dizziness.
- Nausea and vomiting. Pressure surges cause nausea, and sometimes vomiting. The usual allergy is not accompanied by such symptoms, unlike Quincke edema.
- Heat. Swelling of tissues resembles an inflammatory process. In the affected area, the movement of blood goes out of the norm, which causes the temperature to rise. If it does not exceed 38 degrees, as with the flu, there is no need to use antipyretic drugs.
- Blue tongue. Caused by edema of the nasal mucosa and larynx. Impaired blood circulation and oxygen deficiency can lead to blueing of other parts of the body.
- Swelling of the meninges. Symptoms characteristic of acute meningitis appear: headache, dizziness, severe nausea, fear of light, convulsions, and other violations of a neurological nature.
- Swelling of the genitourinary system. The clinical picture is reminiscent of an attack of cystitis, accompanied by pain and urinary retention.
- Edema of the internal organs. Quincke edema is accompanied by severe pain in the abdomen, with no specific localization.
- Swollen joints. The disease manifests limited mobility and swelling of the joints. At this point, inflammatory processes do not occur in the joints.
Usually, people experience swelling of the face and mucous membranes. Quincke’s edema carries a potential danger to a person’s life and should immediately seek help if symptoms appear.
Causes of angioedema
Continuing the topic of conversation, I will consider the causes of angioedema in adults and children. During normal operation of the immune system, histamine is inactive. When ingested and the accumulation of allergen mediators begin to quickly be released. Veins expand, gastric juice production increases, smooth muscle spasms appear, and pressure decreases. Let's see what allergens cause giant urticaria.
- Food. Eggs or products containing them - meatballs, muffins, cheesecakes. Cow milk may also lead to angioedema. It contains lactoglobulin, which causes an allergic reaction. Often intolerance manifests itself after consuming butter or cottage cheese. Alcohol allergies can trigger sweet soda, alcohol, honey, spices, strawberries.
- Chemical and medicinal. Many medications lead to angioedema. Among them: acetylsalicylic acid, insulin and various antibiotics. The method of use of drugs does not matter.
- Inhalation. The list of allergy-provoking factors is represented by plant pollen, poplar fluff, dust, pillow feather, and dry pet food.
- Contact. Quinck edema begins after contact of a person with an allergic substance. For example: paint products, cleaning products and detergents, cosmetics.
- Bacterial and fungal. In some people, giant urticaria is caused by E. coli, staphylococcus or streptococcus. The focus of infection is usually localized in the teeth affected by caries or in the suppurative cyst.
The cause of Quincke edema can be intestinal parasites that leave toxic waste, bites of hornets, bedbugs, mosquitoes, wasps and bees.
For the emergence of angioedema with hereditary susceptibility, the accumulation of allergens is not required. Even their mild exposure causes allergies. The risk group includes people with nervous disorders, diabetes, chronic diseases, pregnant women and women in menopause.
Treatment of angioedema in adults and children
The disease under consideration is an acute allergic reaction carrying a potential threat to a person’s life, which is manifested by the sudden onset of large-scale edema of the skin, subcutaneous tissue and muscle mass.
Usually, angioedema occurs in people over twenty. Older people appear much less frequently. In children, allergy is hereditary and develops to an impressive size. Often it is accompanied by urticaria.
The treatment of edema in children is more difficult, since they cannot give a correct assessment of their well-being. Therefore, parents have to carefully monitor the reaction of the child. How to treat angioedema in adults and children, read below.
First aid for angioedema
When symptoms of angioedema appear, you should immediately seek help. But the mission does not end there. Emergency care should be given to the patient before the ambulance arrives.
The first aid technique for Quincke edema is described below. Before proceeding to action, you must calm down yourself and calm the patient. Believe me, the general experience will not help the cause.
- If you know the allergen, you should promptly break contact with him. It does not hurt to open the windows, take off the patient's clothes, undo the collars and belts.
- The patient should always be in a sitting or reclining position. In this position, it is easier to breathe. A hot foot bath is considered a very effective event. Pour as much hot water into a wide container as the patient can stand. Periodically hot water pour before the arrival of doctors.
- For swelling attach something cool. You can use a towel soaked in ice water. In the patient's nose to drip vasoconstrictor drops. The ideal option is Naphthyzinum, used for a cold.
- After the ambulance team arrives, the doctors will inject a decent dose of antihistamine medication to the patient and take him to the clinic. You should not refuse hospitalization even with a significant improvement in the condition.
- It is imperative to inform the doctors what measures were taken before their arrival. If the development of edema is associated with a specific event, mention this also. This information is incredibly important for the diagnosis and choice of treatment.
Video tips on first aid for angioedema
I sincerely hope that throughout life you will not have to use this information in practice. If trouble happens, keep calm and confidently proceed according to the instructions.
Treatment of angioedema involves the use of medications. Any other methods are irrelevant. It is worth remembering to people accustomed to using folk remedies. Their use in allergies is contraindicated.
Drug-based therapy should be carried out quickly. Even a slight delay can lead to serious complications, a deep loss of consciousness or death.
- Antihistamine medication. Reduce the susceptibility of the body to the allergen. In their list Suprastin, Tavegil and diphenhydramine.
- Hormonal injections. Just one injection of a hormonal drug will reduce puffiness and eliminate spasm. Dexamethasone, Hydrocortisone or Prednisolone is used for this purpose.
- Muscle relaxants. There are frequent cases when Quincke edema leads to an attack of asphyxiation. Then the doctors intubate the trachea with a special tube that makes breathing easier. Next appointed muscle relaxants ephedrine or epinephrine.
- Glucocorticoids. Hormonal drugs stop many allergy symptoms and prevent anaphylactic shock. Such drugs are used together with drugs containing sodium and calcium.
- Diuretics. Auxiliary treatment involves the use of diuretics. They relieve puffiness, because they accelerate the removal of moisture from the body and normalize blood pressure. The most effective diuretics are Fitolysin and Canephron.
- Vitamin complexes. Use of vitamins - adjuvant therapy. Vitamins help the emaciated body recover from an allergic reaction. It is accepted to strengthen immunity with the help of ascorbic acid and vitamins of family B.
I think it is now clear why it is impossible to deal with the Quincke's edema by popular methods. If complications arise, it is simply impossible to help the patient at home.
It is necessary to treat angioedema only with medication, self-treatment for this serious illness can be harmful. Clinical manifestations of angioedema develop rapidly, the use of folk remedies at the time of exacerbation can lead to death. Doctors must treat.
Folk remedies are allowed to apply after removing the attack. They will help prevent relapse. But even in this case, it is necessary to choose and apply a folk remedy after consulting a doctor.
- Grass collection. For preparation, combine in equal quantities the fruits of alder and wild rose, immortelle flowers, grass of a train and horsetail, roots of aralia, dandelion, burdock, elecampane and licorice. Spoon the collection pour a glass of boiling water, hold for a couple of 30 minutes, cool, filter, and add boiling water to get 200 ml of liquid. Drink 0.33 cups three times a day after a meal.
- Nettle infusion. To prepare 10 grams of dead nettle pour 250 ml of water. It is recommended to consume three times a day for a third of table glass.
- Infusion of ephedra. Two grams of chopped twigs of the plant is poured 250 ml of boiling water. They drink 100 milliliters three times a day, constantly monitoring blood pressure.
- Tincture Datura. Spoon dope powder pour 150 ml of high-quality vodka, insist week and take three times a day. A single dose should not exceed 15 drops.
In a person prone to allergies, herbal home remedy can cause the development of individual intolerance. Therefore, use of folk remedies should be careful.
In conclusion, I will add that people who have won Quinck’s edema should regularly monitor their health and be careful when contacting products that cause an allergic reaction.
The video from the show Live is great
Ideally, you should follow a strict diet, eliminate citrus fruits, seafood, chocolate, eggs, nuts, honey and cocoa from the diet. In winter, do not eat vegetables, as they contain preservatives that increase the shelf life. It is undesirable to use products containing GMOs and dyes, and use household chemicals with a pungent odor.